Panzhihua UniversityPanzhihua University

About Panzhihua   攀枝花

Link: Panzhihua Tourist Attractions

Panzhihua (Chinese: 攀枝花) is a prefecture-level city located in Sichuan Province, south central China. It was founded on a remote headwater of the Yangtze River in 1966 as a steel production centre. It grew rapidly as it remained relatively prosperous while the rest of the country was undergoing the cultural revolution. The city is home to the Panzhihua Iron and Steel (Group) Co, the leading steel company in southwest china. Amazingly, this remote industrial centre is surrounded by pristine, ancient cycad forests which are also home to the giant panda. The area is notable for its lush, subtropical climate.

Geographic Location
Panzhihua is situated in the southwest of Sichuan, where the Yalung River merges with the Jinsha River. It is 749km from Chengdu in the north, 351km from Kunming in the south, 213km from Lugu Lake in the west and 302km from Lijiang. It borders Huili County of Liangshan Prefecture in the west; Yongren County of Yunnan Province in the south; Huaping County and Linlang Yi Autonomous County in the west; the counties of Dechang and Yanyuan in the north. Supported with traffic infrastructures such as the Chengdu–Kunming Railway, Panzhihua Airport and Chengdu-Panzhihua Expressway, the city serves as a communication hub on the ‘Southern Silk Road’, a shortcut linking Sichuan to the coastal cities and ports in South China and Southeast Asia, and a doorway to the tourist attractions in the southwest of Sichuan and Northwest of Yunnan.


 

 

 

City flower - kapok

City flower - Kapok

Historical Background
On February 5th, 1965, a written 'Reply regarding the Establishment of the People's Committee of Panzhihua Special Region' was issued jointly by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. On March 20th, the People's Committee of Panzhihua Special Region was officially inaugurated. In April, the State Council replied to the Sichuan provincial People's Committee, approving the request to change Panzhihua Special Region to Dukou Municipality, which covered a total area of 1,411.96km2 including both banks of the Jinsha River.

Maps:  Panzhihua surroundings  Panzhihua City 

 

Satellite:  Panzhihua City  Panzhihua City Close-up

Location of PanzhihuaGetting There

Train
When you want to arrive, you can choose train first. The Chengdu-Kunming railway offers 8 trains everyday form Beijing, Xi'an, Chengdu, Chongqing and Kunming.

Air
You can also get there by air. So far, there are 3 airlines includes Air China, Sichuan Airlines and China Eastern. They can take you from Chengdu,
Chongqing and Kunming.
 
Panzhihua has many hot springs. Its Hongge Hot Spring contains radon, which is rare in other springs in China.
Visitors interested in geology have the luxury to see the world's largest vanadium-titanium mine. Because of geological movements, Panzhihua abounds in crystal, opal, agate, jade and ink stone in its mountain valleys and the alluvium of its river banks.

Cuisine:
Mango, papaya, pomegranate and the fruit with red heart are popular among tourists, wine and drink ofMango wine - click to enlarge papaya, wine of mango and so on are distinctive, and worthwhile to be souvenirs.

Panzhihua Culture:
The Mosuo
The romantic customs of the Mosuo people have turned the lake into a mysterious wonderland for tourists. The Mosuo, believed to be the world's last matriarchal tribe, have preserved their centuries-old matriarchal customs. Mosuo women are the community rulers and family decision-makers. A Mosuo woman can choose to cohabit with any man she falls in love with and give birth to their children without getting married. If she loses interest in her lover, which seldom happens, she is free to choose a new love. Read more►

Panzhihua Attractive Points:
The Longtan Karst Cave, which is open to visitors, has a strong appeal. Marvelling at its caves inside caves, flying waterfalls and fantastic stalactite, visitors would acclaim it as the acme of nature's creation.
 
Located in a torrid zone, Panzhihua has an annual average temperature of 20 C. Even in the coldest winter, a sweater is to stay warm enough. The subtropical climate has turned the city into a large "hothouse" where many precious animals and plants co-exist.

In many parts of the city, primitive mountains and forests are kept intact. There are 264 kinds of animals, including the lesser panda, as well as 2,300 kinds of plants. The most precious plant is the cycad, a 270-million-year-old rare species living in the same era as the dinosaur.

As it survived the destructive glacier of the Quaternary Period, the cycad, which is hailed a living fossil, is of great significance to the study of living things, geography and climate of ancient times, especially the origin of plants, botanists say.

More than 1.7 million years ago, because of the glacier of the Quaternary Period, at least one-third of the earth's land mass was covered with snow.

Located in a rift, Panzhihua became a haven to the cycad. A wild cycad forest covering 1,358 hectares is in Panzhihua's suburbs. China's only State-level cycad nature reserve, the forest comprises 230,000 wild cycads, believed to be the world's largest and northernmost wild cycad forest.Cycads - click to enlarge

In the forest, 136,000 are fully-grown cycads and the rest are saplings. Cycads seldom blossom. But the ones in Panzhihua blossom once every May.

As Panzhihua's cycads hold high international prestige, the Fourth International Seminar on Cycads was held in Panzhihua in May 1996. With 92 per cent of its land being mountainous, Panzhihua is referred as a "geological museum." The city boasts many karst formations. More than 80 karst caves have been discovered.

The Longtan Karst Cave, which is open to visitors, has a strong appeal. Marvelling at its caves inside caves, flying waterfalls and fantastic stalactite, visitors would acclaim it as the acme of nature's creation.

Occupying less than 0.1 per cent of China's land mass, Panzhihua has 73 kinds of minerals. Its deposits of iron, vanadium and titanium are respectively 20, 67 and 75.5 per cent of China's total. On a global scale, its deposits of titanium are the largest, and those of vanadium are the third-largest in the world.

Visitors interested in geology have the luxury to see the world's largest vanadium-titanium mine. Because of geological movements, Panzhihua abounds in crystal, opal, agate, jade and ink stone in its mountain valleys and the alluvium of its river banks.

Located at the juncture of the Jinsha and Yalong rivers, two tributaries on the upper reaches of the Yangtze, Panzhihua, which has 90 rivers, abounds in water resources.

The construction of the Ertan Hydropower Station in Panzhihua, China's largest hydropower station built in the 20th century, has created a large lake with an area of 101 square kilometres. The lake has five islands and 11 peninsulas. Sailing in a boat, one cannot help but feel the clean water in the lake and the surrounding, majestic-looking mountains with lush, tropical plants like a marvellous, traditional Chinese landscape painting. The station, with a 240-metre-tall dam, the tallest in Asia, and the world's largest underground power house, as well as the lake, are now important tourist destination in Panzhihua.

Hongge Hot spring - click to enlargePanzhihua has many hot springs. Its Hongge Hot Spring contains radon, which is rare in other springs in China. The hot spring has a temperature of around 57 C year round. With fluorine, carbonic acid, various minerals and inorganic salts, it has a strong healing effect and is ideal for the winter's holiday visitors.

People from 34 of China's 55 ethnic groups can be found in Panzhihua. With a long history and unique folk customs, they give rise to cultural diversity.

In addition to its own tourist attractions, Panzhihua sits directly en route to the mysterious Lugu Lake from Sichuan. Heading northwest for about 300 kilometres, tourists from Panzhihua arrive at the lake on the border of Sichuan and Yunnan. Two-thirds of the lake is in Sichuan. Lugu Lake video►

The romantic customs of the Mosuo people have turned the lake into a mysterious wonderland for tourists.
The Mosuo, believed to be the world's last matriarchal tribe, have preserved their centuries-old matriarchal customs. Mosuo women are the community rulers and family decision-makers. A Mosuo woman can choose to cohabit with any man she falls in love with and give birth to their children without getting married. If she loses interest in her lover, which seldom happens, she is free to choose a new love.

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